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Barium and barium compounds

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Barium and barium compounds


Tagatz ME, Tobia M (1978) Effect of barite (BaSO


) on develop-

ment of estuarine communities. Estuarine and coastal marine science, 7:401–407.

Takahashi S, Patrick G (1987) Long-term retention of 


Ba in the

rat trachea following local administration as barium sulfate

particles. Radiation research, 110:321–328.

Tarasenko NY, Pronin OA, Silayev AA (1977) Barium

compounds as industrial poisons (an experimental study).

Journal of hygiene, epidemiology, microbiology and immunology, 21:361–373.

Tardiff RG, Robinson M, Ulmer NS (1980) Subchronic oral

toxicity of BaCl


 in rats. Journal of environmental pathology and

toxicology, 4:267–275.

Taylor DM, Bligh PH, Duggan MH (1962) The absorption of

calcium, strontium, barium and radium from the gastrointestinal

tract of the rat. Biochemical journal, 83: 25–29.

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and excreta. Health physics, 12:1683–1689.

Tipton IH, Stewart PL, Dickson J (1969) Patterns of elemental

excretion in long term balance studies. Health physics,


Tsai F, Buchanan EB Jr, Drake L (1978) The analysis of

sediments from the Iowa River. The science of the total environment, 9:277–285.

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— American Geophysical Union, 46:168.

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sulfate preparation (Ba 147) on lungs of rabbits following single

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(EPA 625/6-74-003a).

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for the Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, US

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Cincinnati,

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Assessment Office (EPA 600/6-87/008).

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Washington, DC, US Environmental Protection Agency


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Concise International Chemical Assessment Document 33



US Environmental Protection Agency:

Toxicological review of barium and compounds

(US EPA, 1998) 

Copies may be obtained from:

US Environmental Protection Agency

National Center for Environmental Assessment

26 West Martin Luther King Drive

Cincinnati, Ohio 45268


The toxicological review document has received peer

review both by EPA scientists and by independent scientists

external to EPA. External reviewers included Dr M. Goldman

(University of California, Davis, USA), Dr A. Gregory (Techto

Enterprises, USA), and Mr P. Mushak (PB Associates, USA).

Subsequent to external peer review, this assessment has

undergone an Agency-wide review process whereby the

Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program Manager has

achieved a consensus approval among the Office of Research

and Development; Office of Air and Radiation; Office of

Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances; Office of Solid

Waste and Emergency Response; Office of Water; Office of

Policy, Planning, and Evaluation; and Regional Offices.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease

Registry: Toxicological profile for barium

(ATSDR, 1992)

Copies may be obtained from:

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

Division of Toxicology/Toxicology Information Branch

1600 Clifton Road, NE, E-29

Atlanta, Georgia 30333


The profile has been reviewed by scientists from ATSDR,

the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National

Toxicology Program, and other federal agencies. It has also

been reviewed by a panel of nongovernment peer reviewers,

including Dr J. Borowitz (Purdue University, USA), Dr J. Gould

(Georgia Institute of Technology, USA), and Dr A. Reeves

(Wayne State University, USA).

United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive:

Barium sulphate risk assessment document


 (Ball et al., 1997)

The authors’ draft version is initially reviewed internally by

a group of approximately 10 HSE experts, mainly toxicologists

but also involving other relevant disciplines, such as

epidemiology and occupational hygiene. The toxicology section

of the amended draft is then reviewed by toxicologists from the

United Kingdom Department of Health. Subsequently, the entire

criteria document is reviewed by a tripartite advisory committee

to the United Kingdom Health and Safety Commission, the

Working Group for the Assessment of Toxic Chemicals (WATCH).

This committee comprises experts in toxicology and

occupational health and hygiene from industry, trade unions,

and academia.

The members of the WATCH committee at the time of the

peer review were:

Mr S.R. Bailey (Independent Consultant)

Professor J. Bridges (University of Surrey) 

Dr H. Cross (Trades Union Congress) 

Mr D. Farrer (Independent Consultant)

Dr A. Fletcher (Trades Union Congress)

Dr I.G. Guest (Chemical Industries Association)

Dr A. Hay (Trades Union Congress)

Dr L. Levy (Institute of Occupational Hygiene,


Dr T. Mallet (Chemical Industries Association)

Mr A. Moses (Independent Consultant)

Dr R. Owen (Trades Union Congress)

Mr J. Sanderson (Independent Consultant)

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